The Creation of Fossils - Defeating Erosion
by Arthur "Art" Ryan
The creation of fossils is a question that is often ignored by the
sciences. Finding them and applying an age to them is common. Yet, we fail to
ask “how was this made?” especially, when the fossil is on the surface of this
planet like the ancient foot prints found around rivers and streams. How can a
foot print in the sand or muck withstand the flow of water?
We have all built sand castles and without noticing formed foot
prints in the sand at beaches all around this planet. These structures and
impressions have always been temporary. Even when the waves and tides don’t
erase our marks on the earth; rain does, not to mention the effects of wind.
None of us has left an everlasting signature. Erosion works!!
When it comes to bones and other organic material, placement in an
oxygen free environment is required in order to leave an eternal impression. Now
we have to find the right conditions that would facilitate fossilization.
The remains of an animal killed by a moving automobile will be
picked apart by scavengers and any leftovers will rot and decompose in to
nothingness. Even bodies placed in caskets and vaults after embalming will
decompose and return to mother earth. Eventually, even the vault and the casket
will oxidize. The mummies that have been found are not examples of defeating
oxidation - they are only proof that the process can be slowed down. This is
proven by the fragile state of these mummies now located in museums all over the
world. Upon exposure to the surface of the planet, they become susceptible to
the very elements that those who performed the mummification were trying to
Even if mummification could stop oxidation, we would be even
more perplexed by the thought that someone or something would have
had to perform this process on thousands of bones that have been
uncovered. I doubt that there was a society that disemboweled
and/or embalmed dinosaurs, so that they would leave a legacy that
Other organics, such as leaves, grasses, and woods would also
not survive ages to be found today. Decomposition happens. Today,
we create compositing contraptions in our yards to deal with this
type of debris. Nothing magical occurs in a compost pile. Many
call it - rotting. Basically the material is oxidizing. As it
breaks down, it turns into a material similar to dirt that we use
in gardens and flower beds to feed nutrients to our beloved
Just add oxygen to these organic materials and oxidation (rot,
decomposition) will take place. That is why we periodically turn
the material over with a shovel. Which means - if oxygen is
present, the process will take place. Can anyone think of and
defend a way in nature that oxygen can be totally removed from
The sea, mud, and muck also do not totally remove oxygen from
those items that will become fossils. After all, muck is the
process in action. Materials gathered together and decomposing are
the ingredients of muck.
Proof of this oxidation in a low oxygen environment is exampled
by the USS Arizona in Honolulu Harbor. This memorial submerged in
the water is oxidizing. It is slowly wasting away. While it is at
a slower rate than it would be if it were above the water, it is
still succumbing to the process. Mud and muck would probably make
the change slow to a crawl; however, it would not stop.
So, how can the fact that the fossils exist be explained?
What process in nature could happen that would preserve any
organic material long enough for debris to build up on top of it
until the weight creates enough pressure to form a fossil?
One answer is volcanic ash cover. A complete burying of
materials under this ash could explain the number of fossils
found. Yet this causes one to wonder about the conditions required
that would create global fossilization within the same strata
layer. What would cause volcanoes to erupt all around the earth at
the same time?
Another answer of the same type could be the covering of the
bones by debris returning to the earth following a meteor impact.
This would adequately accomplish the protection from oxygen. How
many times has this event happened to the extent that would cover
the entire globe and create the innumerable strata layers?
The only other answer can be found in any modern kitchen. It is
simple - we rely on it most every day: Freezing. In our freezers,
we find numerous examples of items that are defying oxidation. As
long as a roast is frozen, it will remain and exist. The same
would happen to any organic matter placed in the freezer. While
freezer-burn may cause us to throw the roast away, it won’t allow
the oxidation process to continue. If it’s frozen, organic matter
will not oxidize. Plus, scavengers will not eat frozen meat.
If some organic item - say a dinosaur - becomes frozen and
drops in its tracks, it will remain untouched by scavengers and
defy oxidation. Subject to a continual frozen state - this same
dinosaur will eventually be covered by all manner of materials
through erosion deposits, space/sky dust accumulation, lava and
the like. Over many years of this build up, the weight will
increase. As the pressure builds from this weight, the process of
Granted, as the pressure goes up, so will the temperature;
however, by then the oxidation process has been slowed so much
that fossilization takes place before the dinosaur bones rot away.
Thus, a fossil exists for a future generations to find.
A flash freeze fossil creation method is really the only one
that I think could protect foot prints in sand long enough to be
made into fossils. The other methods would actually fill the
prints and subsequently prevent their being found on the surface
of the earth.
The explanation of how this freezing would take place is addressed
in the Crust Shift Theory that Charles Hapgood covered in his books [The
Earth’s Shifting Crust and
The Path of the Pole ]. It easily explains the mechanism required to
form fossils. When the process outlined in “Are We Worth Our Salt?” by Arthur
Ryan sets the Crust Shift in motion, you can readily envision why we find
fossils and the frozen remains of animals in permafrost.
The global covering by volcanic ash and meteor impact could be
the answer to this oddity; however, these theories create even
more questions. How often did it happen and what were the global
processes that are required for the explanations to work?
These are just two of main that you could come up with. Think
about all of the situations that would affect the creation of
fossils in these theories and try to model it in your mind. They
are not as likely as the very real Crust Shift event.
Other possibilities for creating fossils are desiccation, tar
submersion, and submersion in the sea. Yet these automatically
raise the question of “What cataclysmic event caused this?”
A Crust Shift answers these questions and many, many more. This
theory is the only event that gives us the big picture of the
Fossil creation is an important piece of the puzzle. Their
existence begs to be explained. The explanations cause greater
questions. The questions lead to theories. The theories point to
cataclysms. All of this warrants our attention.
Copyright by Art Ryan
Presented with permission of the author
About the Author
Arthur “Art” Ryan is an independent researcher and
author, who is a full-time employee supporting a major railroad
and a small business owner of a process engineering consulting
company, that enjoys all manner of things science. He is a
baseball and football fan, who values his privacy and therefore
writes under a pseudonym.
His book concerning Earth Changes is called “Are We
Worth Our Salt?” which can be purchased through Lulu by visiting
Amazon and may be procured at you local Barnes and Noble
Art accepts constructive criticism about his ideas
and welcomes evidence that support or dispute his thoughts.
Questions and comments can be addressed to Art through his
At his site, Art has opened a controlled, closed
forum where intellectuals, professionals, academics, and aspiring
amateurs can express their thoughts, findings, and alternate
theories under pseudonyms; thereby avoiding possible damage to
their careers or loss of existing funding. This site is to be
driven by its users and will grow to fit the need. Those
interested in writing on Science Doubt are invited to review the
“Outstanding Questions” and “News Articles” sections for topic
ideas or to contact the editor about your own.
Are We Worth Our Salt?
Have you ever wondered what is behind some of the World's
mysteries? Do you ponder Earth changes and natural climate
swings? If so, this is a book for you. Addressed herein is a
primary thought that when first published by another author
"electrified" Albert Einstein.
Yet, a cause for the theory was not previously given. This
book will show the process steps needed to bring it to
culmination. A cause and effect approach will be brought
into play to solve this dramatic puzzle. Our Civilization is
on the line and it requires your assistance to save it. Are
you up to the challenge?
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