Flight has been the dream of humankind since they watched in awe
as birds soared effortlessly through the sky. But, according to
accepted history, it wasn't until the 1780s that two Frenchmen
achieved lighter-than-air flight when they were lifted into the air
in a hot air balloon near Paris. Then powered, heavier-than-air
flight became the goal. And although it was theorized that
heavier-than-air flight was possible as early as the 13th century,
and in the 16th century Leonardo da Vinci designed winged aircraft
and a crude kind of helicopter, it wasn't until the Wright brothers
made their first successful flights at Kitty Hawk in 1903 that
powered flight became a reality.
That's the widely accepted history. Some researchers and a few
rogue scientists believe there's evidence to suggest that humans
achieved flight earlier in history - much earlier... so early, they
say, that the knowledge of this technology has been lost and ancient
stories that recount adventures of human flight have been relegated
only to myth.
Is it possible that humans developed the technology to fly in
early civilizations - or in civilizations that are now lost to
history? Let's take a look at what some call the evidence -
intriguing artifacts, carvings, inscriptions and legends - that they
say point to the true record human of flight.
©1996 Lumir G. Janku. All rights reserved.
Reprinted with permission.
This object (shown in sketch) was found in 1898 in a tomb at
Saqquara, Egypt and was later dated as having been created near 200
BCE. As airplanes were unknown in the days when it was found, it was
thrown into a box marked "wooden bird model" and then
stored in the basement of the Cairo museum.
was rediscovered by Dr. Khalil Messiha, who studied models made by
ancients. The "discovery" was considered so important by
the Egyptian government that a special committee of leading
scientists was established to study the object.
| As a result of their
findings, a special exhibit was set up in the center hall of the
Cairo museum, with the little model as its centerpiece. It was even labelled as a model airplane.
To elucidate the reasons for the decision of the committee,
almost unprecedented in the field of archeology, let's consider some
aspects of the model. The model has the exact proportions of a very
advanced form of "pusher-glider" that is still having
"some bugs ironed out". This type of glider will stay in
the air almost by itself—even a very small engine will keep it
going at low speeds, as low as 45 to 65 mph., while it can carry an
enormous payload. This ability is dependent on the curious shape of
wings and their proportions. The tipping of wings downward, a reversedihedral
wing as it is called, is the feature behind this capability. A
similar type of curving wings are implemented on the Concorde
airplane, giving the plane a maximum lift without detracting from
In that context, it seems rather incredible that someone, more
than 2,000 years ago, for any reason, devised a model of a flying
device with such advanced features, requiring quite extensive
knowledge of aerodynamics. There were no such things as airplanes in
these times, we are told by archeologists and historians. But this
case seems to be an exception, living in the midst of the rather
unimaginative and rigid paradigm of contemporary science. It is also
necessary to point out that Egyptians are known to have nearly
always made scale-models of projects and objects which they planned
to create or build.
Once you purchase your own plane, consult an
to make sure you cover the all of the bases on plane ownership
Precolombian Airplane Models
Is the concept of an airplane limited to Egypt? That doesn't seem
to be the case. Gold trinkets were found in an area covering Central
America and coastal areas of South America, estimated to belong to a
period between 500 and 800 CE, but since they are made from gold,
accurate dating is impossible and based essentially on stratigraphy
which may be deceptive. However, we can safely say that these gold
objects are more than 1000 years old.
Whatever this object is supposed
to be or represent,
its remarkable resemblance to a modern aircraft or spacecraft is
As seen from the pictures, the shape of the sample object is
rather ambiguous. The archaeologists labelled these objects as zoomorphic,
meaning, animal shaped objects. The question is, what animal
do they represent? When we compare these with other objects from the
same cultures depicting animals, a curious facet of the comparison
would be obvious: the other objects are recognizable, rendered
usually with a great accuracy and attention to realistic detail.
There are several types of animals which fly—birds, insects,
and several mammals, such as bats and some gliders, for instance
flying squirrels, oppossums, and then there are some lizards; there
are also some fish which for brief periods glide through the air.
There are water animals which seem to fly through the water,
such as rays, skates and some selachians. But how does the depicted
object compare with these choices? All its features taken into a
consideration, we have no match. Seen from above, the object
obviously has no fish features, but seems to show rather explicitly
The structures just in front of the tail are strongly reminiscent
of elevons (a combination of ailerons and elevators) with a
slight forward curve, but they are attached to the fuselage, rather
than the wings. In any case, they look more like airplane parts than
like the claspers of a fish. If the two prominent spirals on the
wings are supposed to be a stylized version of the eyes of a ray,
then what are the two globular objects positioned on the head
supposed to represent? To complicate the identification even more,
the spirals on the wings have their copies positioned on the
nose of the object, in the opposite direction. When the object is
viewed in profile, the didsimilarity to anything from the animal
kingdom is even more pronounced. If the zoomorphic explanation is
supposed to hold, then why did the artist cut the head off
almost three quarters from the body? And why is the nose is
practically rectangular and the cut tilted forward, with eyes
positioned at either side, when fish eyes are usually more near the
center of bodyline and far forward on the head?
What we can make of the semicircular grooves on the inside of the
cut? What is it supposed to be—fishwise? And what about the
scoop, forward and under the cut? It is a scoop, not
just a ridge for drilling a hole through to place the object on a
necklace chain. Then there is another rectangular feature,
positioned further back at the approximate center of gravity under
the fuselage. The wings when viewed from the side are perfetly
horizontal, but when seen from the front, they curve slightly
downward. The elevators, which are right behind the wings,
are positioned on a slightly higher horizontal level and are
square-ended, thus a definite geometric shape. Above them is another
rectangular shape, with a relief which may be reminiscent of knobs.
The tail is equally intriguing. No fish has only a single, upright
and perpendicular flange. But this tail fin has an exact shape of fins
on modern airplanes. There are also some markings on the tail which
are hard to identify, but it does not seem to be anything related to
When all the features are taken into an account, the object does
not look like a representation of any known animal at all, but does
look astonishingly like an airplane. The photos and enlarged outline
of the object has been submitted for an analysis to several people
from the field of aerodynamics. One of them was Arthur Young, a
designer of Bell helicopters and other aircraft. His analysis
confirmed that the object contains many features which would fit the
airplane hypothesis, but there were several ones which would not fit
that scenario. Wings do seem to be in the wrong place—they should
be further forward so that their 1/4-chord
coincides with the center of gravity. The nose is not like anything
on airplanes, as well. So, while the object is suggesting an
airplane, some features would not seem to support this hypothesis.
let's entertain several possibilities. If we imagine that the
separation after the windshield is not a cockpit and that the
pilot and the cargo were located somewhere in the main fuselage
body, then we can envision the nose as something else. Let's
assume that the nose is actually a jet. If the machine needs to slow
down, the jet flow directed against the path of flight would
accomplish just that. But how to redirect the jet into the opposite
direction? If we envision the nose as a movable part of the plane,
turning around the point located where the nose and fuselage meet,
thus pivoting the nose downward to tuck it under the fuselage, that
would enable the desired effect. What's more, it will re-adjust the
center of gravity and the wings would be just in the right place for
a high powered flight. Another problem, though, will appear and that
is the drag which would be created by the back of the nose now
positioned in front. But that can be attributed to artistic license.
That seems to be the case, because several other similar planes
feature the back part of the nose tilted more forward, so the
angle of the back of the nose when pivoted is more corresponding to
All things considered, the object seems to represent a
convertible type of craft, with two possible configurations—one
for ascent when the nose is facing backwards, and the other for
descent with the nose facing forward. One unsolved item
remains—the spirals on the both wings and the nose. According to
Amerindian iconography, these spirals have discernable
meaning—they represent ascending and descending, depending on
whether they are right-oriented or left-oriented, respectively. As
the spirals are not only on wings but also on the nose, the meaning
is fairly obvious—the wings and the nose (as much) were the
features which were directly involved in ascent and descent.
There are other cultures which mention flying vehicles of some
sort or another. The most known of these sources are Indian epics,
especially the Mahábhárata and other Védic sources as Bhágavata
Purána and Rámáyana. The flying devices were called vimánas
and were extensively discussed in Vaimánika Shástra,
describing multitude of machines with different purposes and
Other source of information about flying machines may be
considered, such as the Bible and some apocryphal works. The book of
Ezekiel seems to be describing the close encounter of a man from a
non-technological culture with a device which to him must have been
miraculous. We have to put ourselves into his shoes to comprehend
his astonishment and the otherworldness of his encounter. The
limited scope of knowledge of the world around him, his primitive
environment, dictated the language and conceptual framework with
which he tried to capture his encounter for fellow tribesmen. For
him it seemed that he encountered The God, with his suite of
angels, because in his simple world, there was no other interpretation.
It is not necessary to reach for an alien type of scenario to
explain the encounter; we can entertain a possibility that a remnant
of an advanced civilization was still present, in a limited scope,
at the time of Ezekiel. But for some, the encounter bears uncanny
similarity to the modern-day encounters with UFO's. Another source
of similar material is the Book of Enoch, particularly the Slavic
version, which contains some parts which the Greek version is
missing. The book not only describes flying in the air, but also
through outer space, including the relativistic effects
mentioned—Enoch spent several days on a spacecraft, but when he
returned to Earth, several centuries had passed by.
There is no shortage of descriptions of flying machines in
ancient sources. If we try to extract the core of myths of different
provenience and remove the embellishments, we discover to our
surprise that flying in ancient times seems to be the rule, not the
Text and Illustrations ©1996 Lumir G. Janku
Photographs courtesy of Government of Colombia,
Roy Pinney and Barney Nashold
Anti-Gravity Handbook (Lost Science)
by D. Hatcher
Many researchers into the UFO enigma tend to
overlook a very important fact. While it assumed that most flying
saucers are of alien, or perhaps Governmental Military origin,
another possible origin of UFOs is ancient India and Atlantis.
What we know about ancient Indian flying vehicles comes from
ancient Indian sources; written texts that have come down to us
through the centuries. There is no doubt that most of these texts
are authentic; many are the well known ancient Indian Epics
themselves, and there are literally hundreds of them. Most of them
have not even been translated into English yet from the old
The Indian Emperor Ashoka started a "Secret Society of the
Nine Unknown Men": great Indian scientists who were supposed to
catalogue the many sciences. Ashoka kept their work secret because
he was afraid that the advanced science catalogued by these men,
culled from ancient Indian sources, would be used for the evil
purpose of war, which Ashoka was strongly against, having been
converted to Buddhism after defeating a rival army in a bloody
The "Nine Unknown Men" wrote a total of nine books,
presumably one each. Book number was "The Secrets of
Gravitation!" This book, known to historians, but not actually
seen by them dealt chiefly with "gravity control." It is
presumably still around somewhere, kept in a secret library in
India, Tibet or elsewhere (perhaps even in North America somewhere).
One can certainly understand Ashoka's reasoning for wanting to keep
such knowledge a secret, assuming it exists. if the Nazis had such
weapons at their disposal during World War Ii. Ashoka was also aware
devastating wars using such advanced vehicles and other
"futuristic weapons" that had destroyed the ancient Indian
"Rama Empire" several thousand years before.
Only a few years ago, the Chinese discovered some Sanskrit
documents in Lhasa, Tibet and sent them to the University of
Chandrigarh to be translated. Dr. Ruth Reyna of the University said
recently that the documents contain directions for building
Their method of propulsion, she said, was
"anti-gravitational" and was based upon a system analogous
to that of "laghima," the unknown power of the ego
existing in man's physiological makeup, "a centrifugal force
strong enough to counteract all gravitational pull." According
to Hindu Yogis, it is this "laghima" which enables a
person to levitate.
Dr. Reyna said that on board these machines, which were called
"Astras" by the text, the ancient Indians could have sent
a detachment of men onto any planet, according to the document,
which is thought to be thousands of years old. The manuscripts were
also said to reveal the secret of "antima"; "the cap
of invisibility" and "garima"; "how to become as
heavy as a mountain of lead."
Naturally, Indian scientists did not take the texts very
seriously, but then became more positive about the value of them
when the Chinese announced that they were including certain parts of
the data for study in their space program! This was one of the first
instances of a government admitting to be researching anti-gravity.
The manuscripts did not say definitely that interplanetary travel
was ever made but did mention, of all things, a planned trip to the
Moon, though it is not clear whether this trip was actually carried
out. However, one of the great Indian epics, the Ramayana, does have
a highly detailed story in it of a trip to the moon in a Vimana (or
"Astra"), and in fact details a battle on the moon with an
"Asvin" (or Atlantean" airship.
This is but a small bit of recent evidence of anti-gravity and
aerospace technology used by Indians. To really understand the
technology, we must go much further back in time.
The so-called "Rama Empire" of Northern India and
Pakistan developed at least fifteen thousand years ago on the Indian
sub-continent and was a nation of many large, sophisticated cities,
many of which are still to be found in the deserts of Pakistan,
northern, and western India. Rama existed, apparently, parallel to
the Atlantean civilization in the mid-Atlantic Ocean, and was ruled
by "enlightened Priest-Kings" who governed the cities, The
seven greatest capital cities of Rama were known in classical Hindu
texts as "The Seven Rishi Cities."
According to ancient Indian texts, the people had flying machines
which were called "Vimanas." The ancient Indian epic
describes a Vimana as a double-deck, circular aircraft with
portholes and a dome, much as we would imagine a flying saucer.
It flew with the "speed of the wind" and gave forth a
"melodious sound." There were at least four different
types of Vimanas; some saucer shaped, others like long cylinders
("cigar shaped airships"). The ancient Indian texts on
Vimanas are so numerous, it would take volumes to relate what they
had to say. The ancient Indians, who manufactured these ships
themselves, wrote entire flight manuals on the control of the
various types of Vimanas, many of which are still in existence, and
some have even been translated into English.
The Samara Sutradhara is a scientific treatise dealing with every
possible angle of air travel in a Vimana. There are 230 stanzas
dealing with the construction, take-off, cruising for thousand of
miles, normal and forced landings, and even possible collisions with
birds. In 1875, the Vaimanika Sastra, a fourth century B.C. text
written by Bharadvajy the Wise, using even older texts as his
source, was rediscovered in a temple in India. It dealt with the
operation of Vimanas and included information on the steering,
precautions for long flights, protection of the airships from storms
and lightening and how to switch the drive to "solar
energy" from a free energy source which sounds like
The Vaimanika Sastra (or Vymaanika-Shaastra) has eight chapters
with diagrams, describing three types of aircraft, including
apparatuses that could neither catch on fire nor break. It also
mentions 31 essential parts of these vehicles and 16 materials from
which they are constructed, which absorb light and heat; for which
reason they were considered suitable for the construction of Vimanas.
This document has been translated into English and is available by
writing the publisher: VYMAANIDASHAASTRA AERONAUTICS by Maharishi
Bharadwaaja, translated into English and edited, printed and
published by Mr. G. R. Josyer, Mysore, India, 1979 (sorry, no street
address). Mr. Josyer is the director of the International Academy of
Sanskrit Investigation located in Mysore.
Click on the
picture to visit A
Tribute to Hinduism - Vimanas
There seems to be no doubt that Vimanas were powered by some sort
of "anti-gravity." Vimanas took off vertically, and were
capable of hovering in the sky, like a modern helicopter or
dirigible. Bharadvajy the Wise refers to no less than 70 authorities
and 10 experts of air travel in antiquity. These sources are now
Vimanas were kept in a Vimana Griha, a kind of hanger, and were
sometimes said to be propelled by a yellowish-white liquid, and
sometimes by some sort of mercury compound, though writers seem
confused in this matter. It is most likely that the later writers on
Vimanas, wrote as observers and from earlier texts, and were
understandably confused on the principle of their propulsion. The
"yellowish-white liquid" sounds suspiciously like
gasoline, and perhaps Vimanas had a number of different propulsion
sources, including combustion engines and even "pulse-jet"
engines. It is interesting to note, that the Nazis developed the
first practical pulse-jet engines for their V-8 rocket "buzz
bombs." Hitler and the Nazi staff were exceptionally interested
in ancient India and Tibet and sent expeditions to both these places
yearly, starting in the 30's, in order to gather esoteric evidence
that they did so, and perhaps it was from these people that the
Nazis gained some of their scientific information!
According to the Dronaparva, part of the Mahabarata, and the
Ramayana, one Vimana described was shaped like a sphere and born
along at great speed on a mighty wind generated by mercury. It moved
like a UFO, going up, down, backwards and forewards as the pilot
desired. In another Indian source, the Samar, Vimanas were
"iron machines, well-knit and smooth, with a charge of mercury
that shot out of the back in the form of a roaring flame."
Another work called the Samaranganasutradhara describes how the
vehicles were constructed. It is possible that mercury did have
something to do with the propulsion, or more possibly, with the
guidance system. Curiously, Soviet scientists have discovered what
they call "age-old instruments used in navigating cosmic
vehicles" in caves in Turkestan and the Gobi Desert. The
"devices" are hemispherical objects of glass or porcelain,
ending in a cone with a drop of mercury inside.
It is evident that ancient Indians flew around in these vehicles,
all over Asia, to Atlantis presumably; and even, apparently, to
South America. Writing found at Mohenjodaro in Pakistan (presumed to
be one of the "Seven Rishi Cities of the Rama Empire") and
still undeciphered, has also been found in one other place in the
world: Easter Island! Writing on Easter Island, called Rongo-Rongo
writing, is also undeciphered, and is uncannily similar to the
Mohenjodaro script. Was Easter Island an air base for the Rama
Empire's Vimana route? (At the Mohenjo-Daro Vimana-drome, as the
passenger walks down the concourse, he hears the sweet, melodic
sound of the announcer over the loudspeaker,
"Rama Airways flight number seven for Bali, Easter Island,
Nazca, and Atlantis is now ready for boarding. Passengers please
proceed to gate number..") in Tibet, no small distance, and
speaks of the "fiery chariot" thusly: "Bhima flew
along in his car, resplendent as the sun and loud as thunder... The
flying chariot shone like a flame in the night sky of summer ... it
swept by like a comet... It was as if two suns were shining. Then
the chariot rose up and all the heaven brightened."
In the Mahavira of Bhavabhuti, a Jain text of the eighth century
culled from older texts and traditions, we read:
"An aerial chariot, the Pushpaka, conveys many people to
the capital of Ayodhya. The sky is full of stupendous
flying-machines, dark as night, but picked out by lights with a
The Vedas, ancient Hindu poems, thought to be the oldest of all
the Indian texts, describe Vimanas of various shapes and sizes: the
"ahnihotra-vimana" with two engines, the "elephant-vimana"
with more engines, and other types named after the kingfisher, ibis
and other animals.
Unfortunately, Vimanas, like most scientific discoveries, were
ultimately used for war. Atlanteans used their flying machines,
"Vailixi," a similar type of aircraft, to literally try
and subjugate the world, it would seem, if Indian texts are to be
believed. The Atlanteans, known as "Asvins" in the Indian
writings, were apparently even more advanced technologically than
the Indians, and certainly of a more war-like temperment. Although
no ancient texts on Atlantean Vailixi are known to exist, some
information has come down through esoteric, "occult"
sources which describe their flying machines. Similar, if not
identical to Vimanas, Vailixi were generally "cigar
shaped" and had the capability of maneuvering underwater as
well as in the atmosphere or even outer space. Other vehicles, like
Vimanas, were saucer shaped, and could apparently also be submerged.
According to Eklal Kueshana, author of "The Ultimate
Frontier," in an article he wrote in 1966, Vailixi were first
developed in Atlantis 20,000 years ago, and the most common ones are
"saucer-shaped of generally trapezoidal cross-section with
three hemispherical engine pods on the underside." "They
use a mechanical antigravity device driven by engines developing
approximately 80,000 horse power."
The Ramayana, Mahabarata and other texts speak of the hideous war
that took place, some ten or twelve thousand years ago between
Atlantis and Rama using weapons of destruction that could not be
imagined by readers until the second half of this century.
The ancient Mahabharata, one of the sources on Vimanas, goes on
to tell the awesome destructiveness of the war:
"...(the weapon was) a single projectile
charged with all the power of the Universe.
An incandescent column of smoke and flame
As bright as the thousand suns rose in all its splendor...
An iron thunderbolt,
A gigantic messenger of death,
Which reduced to ashes
The entire race of the Vrishnis
And the Andhakas.
... the corpses were so burned
As to be unrecognizable.
The hair and nails fell out;
Pottery broke without apparent cause,
And the birds turned white.
... After a few hours
All foodstuffs were infected...
... to escape from this fire
The soldiers threw themselves in streams
To wash themselves and their equipment..."
It would seem that the Mahabharata is describing an atomic war!
References like this one are not isolated; but battles, using a
fantastic array of weapons and aerial vehicles are common in all the
epic Indian books. One even describes a Vimana-Vailix battle on the
Moon! The above section very accurately describes what an atomic
explosion would look like and the effects of the radioactivity on
the population. Jumping into water is the only respite.
When the Rishi City of Mohenjodaro was excavated by archeologists
in the last century, they found skeletons just lying in the streets,
some of them holding hands, as if some great doom had suddenly
overtaken them. These skeletons are among the most radioactive ever
found, on a par with those found at Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Ancient
cities whose brick and stone walls have literally been vitrified,
that is-fused together, can be found in India, Ireland, Scotland,
France, Turkey and other places. There is no logical explanation for
the vitrification of stone forts and cities, except from an atomic
blast. Furthermore, at Mohenjo-Daro, a well planned city laid on a
grid, with a plumbing system superior to those used in Pakistan and
India today, the streets were littered with "black lumps of
glass." These globs of glass were discovered to be clay pots
that had melted under intense heat!
With the cataclysmic sinking of Atlantis and the wiping out of
Rama with atomic weapons, the world collapsed into a "stone
age" of sorts, and modern history picks up a few thousand years
later. Yet, it would seem that not all the Vimanas and Vailixi of
Rama and Atlantis were gone. Built to last for thousands of of
years, many of them would still be in use, as evidenced by Ashoka's
"Nine Unknown Men" and the Lhasa manuscript.
That secret societies or "Brotherhoods" of exceptional,
"enlightened" human beings would have preserved these
inventions and the knowledge of science, history, etc., does not
seem surprising. Many well known historical personages including
Jesus, Buddha, Lao Tzu, Confucius, Krishna, Zoroaster, Mahavira,
Quetzalcoatl, Akhenaton, Moses, and more recent inventors and of
course many other people who will probably remain anonymous, were
probably members of such a secret organization.
It is interesting to note that when Alexander the Great invaded
India more than two thousand years ago, his historians chronicled
that at one point they were attacked by "flying, fiery
shields" that dove at his army and frightened the cavalry.
These "flying saucers" did not use any atomic bombs or
beam weapons on Alexander's army however, perhaps out of
benevolence, and Alexander went on to conquer India.
It has been suggested by many writers that these
"Brotherhoods" keep some of their Vimanas and Vailixi in
secret caverns in Tibet or some other place is Central Asia, and the
Lop Nor Desert in western China is known to be the center of a great
UFO mystery. Perhaps it is here that many of the airships are still
kept, in underground bases much as the Americans, British and
Soviets have built around the world in the past few decades.
Still, not all UFO activity can be accounted for by old Vimanas
making trips to the Moon for some reason. Undoubtedly, some are from
the Military Governments of the world, and possibly even from other
planets. Of course, many UFO sightings are "swamp, gas, clouds,
hoaxes, and hallucinations, while there is considerable evidence
that many UFO sightings, especially "kidnappings" and the
like, are the result of what is generally called "telepathic
hypnosis." One common thread that often runs between
"Alien kidnappings," "sex with aliens," and
other "close encounters of a third kind" is a buzzing in
the ears just before the encounter. According to many well informed
people, this is a sure sign of telepathic hypnosis."
Anti-Gravity Handbook (Lost Science)
by D. Hatcher
SOURCE: John Burrows
Sanskrit texts are filled with references to gods who fought
battles in the sky using Vimanas equipped with weapons as deadly as
any we can deploy in these more enlightened times. For example,
there is a passage in the Ramayana which reads:
"The Puspaka car that resembles the Sun and belongs to my
brother was brought by the powerful Ravan; that aerial and excellent
car going everywhere at will .... that car resembling a bright cloud
in the sky."
".. and the King [Rama] got in, and the excellent car at the
command of the Raghira, rose up into the higher atmosphere."
In the Mahabharatra, an ancient Indian poem of enormous length,
we learn that an individual named Asura Maya had a Vimana measuring
twelve cubits in circumference, with four strong wheels. The poem is
a veritable gold mine of information relating to conflicts between
gods who settled their differences apparently using weapons as
lethal as the ones we are capable of deploying. Apart from 'blazing
missiles', the poem records the use of other deadly weapons. 'Indra's
Dart' operated via a circular 'reflector'. When switched on, it
produced a 'shaft of light' which, when focused on any target,
immediately 'consumed it with its power'. In one particular
exchange, the hero, Krishna, is pursuing his enemy, Salva, in the
sky, when Salva's Vimana, the Saubha is made invisible in some way.
Undeterred, Krishna immediately fires off a special weapon: 'I
quickly laid on an arrow, which killed by seeking out sound'. Many
other terrible weapons are described, quite matter of factly, in the
Mahabharata, but the most fearsome of all is the one used against
the Vrishis. The narrative records:
"Gurkha flying in his swift and powerful Vimana hurled
against the three cities of the Vrishis and Andhakas a single
projectile charged with all the power of the Universe. An
incandescent column of smoke and fire, as brilliant as ten thousands
suns, rose in all its splendour. It was the unknown weapon, the Iron
Thunderbolt, a gigantic messaenger of death which reduced to ashes
the entire race of the Vrishnis and Andhakas."
It is important to note, that these kinds of records are not
isolated. They can be cross-correlated with similiar reports in
other ancient civilizations. The after-affects of this Iron
Thunderbolt have an ominously recognizable ring. Apparently, those
killed by it were so burnt that their corpses were unidentifiable.
The survivors fared little etter, as it caused their hair and nails
to fall out.
Perhaps the most disturbing and challenging, information about
these allegedly mythical Vimanas in the ancient records is that
there are some matter-of-fact records, describing how to build one.
In their way, the instructions are quite precise.
In the Sanskrit Samarangana Sutradhara, it is written:
"Strong and durable must the body of the Vimana be made,
like a great flying bird of light material. Inside one must put the
mercury engine with its iron heating apparatus underneath. By means
of the power latent in the mecrcury which sets the driving whirlwind
in motion, a man sitting inside may travel a great distance in the
sky. The movements of the Vimana are such that it can vertically
ascend, vertically descend, move slanting forwards and backwards.
With the help of the machines human beings can fly in the air and
heavenly beings can come down to earth."
The Hakatha (Laws of the Babylonians) states quite unambiguously:
"The privilege of operating a flying machine is great. The
knowledge of flight is among the most ancient of our inheritances. A
gift from 'those from upon high'. We received it from them as a
means of saving many lives."
More fantastic still is the information given in the ancient
Chaldean work, The Sifrala, which contains over one hundred pages of
technical details on building a flying machine. It contains words
which translate as graphite rod, copper coils, crystal indicator,
vibrating spheres, stable angles, etc.
Hundred years after Orville Wright’s first flight, K R N
SWAMY remembers Shivkur Bapuji Talpade, the Indian who flew an
unmanned aircraft, eight years before Wright.
Orville Wright demonstrated on December 17th 1903 that it was
possible for a ‘manned heavier than air machine to fly’.
But, in 1895, eight years earlier, the Sanskrit scholar Shivkar
Bapuji Talpade had designed a basic aircraft called Marutsakthi
(meaning Power of Air) based on Vedic technology and had it take
off unmanned before a large audience in the Chowpathy beach of
Bombay. The importance of the Wright brothers lies in the fact,
that it was a manned flight for a distance of 120 feet and
Orville Wright became the first man to fly. But Talpade’s
unmanned aircraft flew to a height of 1500 feet before crashing
down and the historian Evan Koshtka, has described Talpade as
the ‘first creator of an aircraft’.
As the world observes the one hundredth anniversary of the
first manned flight, it is interesting to consider the saga of
India’s 19th century first aircraft inventor for his design
was entirely based on the rich treasury of India’s Vedas.
Shivkar Bapuji Talpade was born in 1864 in the locality of
Chirabazar at Dukkarwadi in Bombay.
He was a scholar of Sanskrit and from his young age was
attracted by the Vaimanika Sastra (Aeronautical Science)
expounded by the great Indian sage Maharishi Bhardwaja. One
western scholar of Indology Stephen-Knapp has put in simple
words or rather has tried to explain what Talpade did and
According to Knapp, the Vaimanika Shastra describes in
detail, the construction of what is called, the mercury vortex
engine the forerunner of the ion engines being made today by
NASA. Knapp adds that additional information on the mercury
engines can be found in the ancient Vedic text called Samaranga
Sutradhara. This text also devotes 230 verses, to the use of
these machines in peace and war. The Indologist William
Clarendon, who has written down a detailed description of the
mercury vortex engine in his translation of Samaranga Sutradhara
quotes thus ‘Inside the circular air frame, place the
mercury-engine with its solar mercury boiler at the aircraft
center. By means of the power latent in the heated mercury which
sets the driving whirlwind in motion a man sitting inside may
travel a great distance in a most marvellous manner. Four strong
mercury containers must be built into the interior structure.
When these have been heated by fire through solar or other
sources the vimana (aircraft) develops thunder-power through the
NASA (National Aeronau-tical and Space Administra-tion) world’s
richest/ most powerful scientific organisation is trying to
create an ion engine that is a device that uses a stream of high
velocity electrified particles instead of a blast of hot gases
like in present day modern jet engines. Surprisingly according
to the bi-monthly Ancient Skies published in USA, the aircraft
engines being developed for future use by NASA by some strange
coincidence also uses mercury bombardment units powered by Solar
cells! Interestingly, the impulse is generated in seven stages.
The mercury propellant is first vapourised fed into the thruster
discharge chamber ionised converted into plasma by a combination
with electrons broke down electrically and then accelerated
through small openings in a screen to pass out of the engine at
velocities between 1200 to 3000 kilometres per minute! But so
far NASA has been able to produce an experimental basis only a
one pound of thrust by its scientists a power derivation
virtually useless. But 108 years ago Talpade was able to use his
knowledge of Vaimanika Shastra to produce sufficient thrust to
lift his aircraft 1500 feet into the air!
According to Indian scholar Acharya, ‘Vaimanika Shastra
deals about aeronautics including the design of aircraft the way
they can be used for transportation and other applications in
detail. The knowledge of aeronautics is described in Sanskrit in
100 sections, eight chapters, 500 principles and 3000 slokas
including 32 techniques to fly an aircraft. In fact, depending
on the classifications of eras or Yugas in modern Kaliyuga
aircraft used are called Krithakavimana flown by the power of
engines by absorbing solar energies!’ It is feared that only
portions of Bharadwaja’s masterpiece Vaimanika Shas-tra
The question that comes to one’s mind is, what happened to
this wonderful encyclopaedia of aeronautical knowledge
accumulated by the Indian savants of yore, and why was it not
used? But in those days, such knowledge was the preserve of
sages, who would not allow it to be misused, just like the
knowledge of atomic bombs is being used by terrorists today!
According to scholar Ratnakar Mahajan who wrote a brochure on
Talpade. ‘Being a Sanskrit scholar interested in aeronautics,
Talpade studied and consulted a number of Vedic treatises like
Brihad Vaimanika Shastra of Maharishi Bharadwaja Vimanachandrika
of Acharya Narayan Muni Viman yantra of Maharish Shownik Yantra
Kalp by Maharishi Garg Muni Viman Bindu of Acharya Vachaspati
and Vimana Gyanarka Prakashika of Maharishi Dhundiraj’. This
gave him confidence that he can build an aircraft with mercury
engines. One essential factor in the creation of these Vedic
aircraft was the timing of the Suns Rays or Solar energy (as
being now utilised by NASA) when they were most effective to
activate the mercury ions of the engine. Happily for Talpade
Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad of Baroda a great supporter of the
Sciences in India, was willing to help him and Talpade went
ahead with his aircraft construction with mercury engines. One
day in 1895 (unfortunately the actual date is not mentioned in
the Kesari newspaper of Pune which covered the event) before an
curious scholarly audience headed by the famous Indian judge/
nationalist/ Mahadeva Govin-da Ranade and H H Sayaji Rao Gaekwad
Talpade had the good fortune to see his un manned aircraft named
as ‘Marutsakthi’ take off, fly to a height of 1500 feet and
then fall down to earth.
But this success of an Indian scientist was not liked by the
Imperial rulers. Warned by the British Government the Maharaja
of Baroda stopped helping Talpade. It is said that the remains
of the Marutsakthi were sold to ‘foreign parties’ by the
relatives of Talpade in order to salvage whatever they can out
of their loans to him. Talpade’s wife died at this critical
juncture and he was not in a mental frame to continue with his
researches. But his efforts to make known the greatness of Vedic
Shastras was recognised by Indian scholars, who gave him the
title of Vidya Prakash Pra-deep.
Talpade passed away in 1916 un-honoured, in his own country.
As the world rightly honours the Wright Brothers for their
achievements, we should think of Talpade, who utilised the
ancient knowledge of Sanskrit texts, to fly an aircraft, eight
years before his foreign counterparts.
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