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The Creation of Fossils - Defeating Erosion

by Arthur "Art" Ryan

The creation of fossils is a question that is often ignored by the sciences. Finding them and applying an age to them is common. Yet, we fail to ask “how was this made?” especially, when the fossil is on the surface of this planet like the ancient foot prints found around rivers and streams. How can a foot print in the sand or muck withstand the flow of water?

We have all built sand castles and without noticing formed foot prints in the sand at beaches all around this planet. These structures and impressions have always been temporary. Even when the waves and tides don’t erase our marks on the earth; rain does, not to mention the effects of wind. None of us has left an everlasting signature. Erosion works!!

When it comes to bones and other organic material, placement in an oxygen free environment is required in order to leave an eternal impression. Now we have to find the right conditions that would facilitate fossilization.

The remains of an animal killed by a moving automobile will be picked apart by scavengers and any leftovers will rot and decompose in to nothingness. Even bodies placed in caskets and vaults after embalming will decompose and return to mother earth. Eventually, even the vault and the casket will oxidize. The mummies that have been found are not examples of defeating oxidation - they are only proof that the process can be slowed down. This is proven by the fragile state of these mummies now located in museums all over the world. Upon exposure to the surface of the planet, they become susceptible to the very elements that those who performed the mummification were trying to avoid.

Even if mummification could stop oxidation, we would be even more perplexed by the thought that someone or something would have had to perform this process on thousands of bones that have been uncovered. I doubt that there was a society that disemboweled and/or embalmed dinosaurs, so that they would leave a legacy that lasted eons.

Other organics, such as leaves, grasses, and woods would also not survive ages to be found today. Decomposition happens. Today, we create compositing contraptions in our yards to deal with this type of debris. Nothing magical occurs in a compost pile. Many call it - rotting. Basically the material is oxidizing. As it breaks down, it turns into a material similar to dirt that we use in gardens and flower beds to feed nutrients to our beloved plants.

Just add oxygen to these organic materials and oxidation (rot, decomposition) will take place. That is why we periodically turn the material over with a shovel. Which means - if oxygen is present, the process will take place. Can anyone think of and defend a way in nature that oxygen can be totally removed from anything?

The sea, mud, and muck also do not totally remove oxygen from those items that will become fossils. After all, muck is the process in action. Materials gathered together and decomposing are the ingredients of muck.

Proof of this oxidation in a low oxygen environment is exampled by the USS Arizona in Honolulu Harbor. This memorial submerged in the water is oxidizing. It is slowly wasting away. While it is at a slower rate than it would be if it were above the water, it is still succumbing to the process. Mud and muck would probably make the change slow to a crawl; however, it would not stop.

So, how can the fact that the fossils exist be explained?

What process in nature could happen that would preserve any organic material long enough for debris to build up on top of it until the weight creates enough pressure to form a fossil?

One answer is volcanic ash cover. A complete burying of materials under this ash could explain the number of fossils found. Yet this causes one to wonder about the conditions required that would create global fossilization within the same strata layer. What would cause volcanoes to erupt all around the earth at the same time?

Another answer of the same type could be the covering of the bones by debris returning to the earth following a meteor impact. This would adequately accomplish the protection from oxygen. How many times has this event happened to the extent that would cover the entire globe and create the innumerable strata layers?

The only other answer can be found in any modern kitchen. It is simple - we rely on it most every day: Freezing. In our freezers, we find numerous examples of items that are defying oxidation. As long as a roast is frozen, it will remain and exist. The same would happen to any organic matter placed in the freezer. While freezer-burn may cause us to throw the roast away, it won’t allow the oxidation process to continue. If it’s frozen, organic matter will not oxidize. Plus, scavengers will not eat frozen meat.

If some organic item - say a dinosaur - becomes frozen and drops in its tracks, it will remain untouched by scavengers and defy oxidation. Subject to a continual frozen state - this same dinosaur will eventually be covered by all manner of materials through erosion deposits, space/sky dust accumulation, lava and the like. Over many years of this build up, the weight will increase. As the pressure builds from this weight, the process of fossilization begins.

Granted, as the pressure goes up, so will the temperature; however, by then the oxidation process has been slowed so much that fossilization takes place before the dinosaur bones rot away. Thus, a fossil exists for a future generations to find.

A flash freeze fossil creation method is really the only one that I think could protect foot prints in sand long enough to be made into fossils. The other methods would actually fill the prints and subsequently prevent their being found on the surface of the earth.

The explanation of how this freezing would take place is addressed in the Crust Shift Theory that Charles Hapgood covered in his books [The Earth’s Shifting Crust and The Path of the Pole ]. It easily explains the mechanism required to form fossils. When the process outlined in “Are We Worth Our Salt?” by Arthur Ryan sets the Crust Shift in motion, you can readily envision why we find fossils and the frozen remains of animals in permafrost.

The global covering by volcanic ash and meteor impact could be the answer to this oddity; however, these theories create even more questions. How often did it happen and what were the global processes that are required for the explanations to work?

These are just two of main that you could come up with. Think about all of the situations that would affect the creation of fossils in these theories and try to model it in your mind. They are not as likely as the very real Crust Shift event.

Other possibilities for creating fossils are desiccation, tar submersion, and submersion in the sea. Yet these automatically raise the question of “What cataclysmic event caused this?”

A Crust Shift answers these questions and many, many more. This theory is the only event that gives us the big picture of the puzzle.

Fossil creation is an important piece of the puzzle. Their existence begs to be explained. The explanations cause greater questions. The questions lead to theories. The theories point to cataclysms. All of this warrants our attention.

Copyright by Art Ryan
Presented with permission of the author


About the Author

Arthur “Art” Ryan is an independent researcher and author, who is a full-time employee supporting a major railroad and a small business owner of a process engineering consulting company, that enjoys all manner of things science. He is a baseball and football fan, who values his privacy and therefore writes under a pseudonym.

His book concerning Earth Changes is called “Are We Worth Our Salt?” which can be purchased through Lulu by visiting http://stores.lulu.com/arthurryan or Amazon and may be procured at you local Barnes and Noble store.

Art accepts constructive criticism about his ideas and welcomes evidence that support or dispute his thoughts. Questions and comments can be addressed to Art through his official website www.sciencedoubts.com

At his site, Art has opened a controlled, closed forum where intellectuals, professionals, academics, and aspiring amateurs can express their thoughts, findings, and alternate theories under pseudonyms; thereby avoiding possible damage to their careers or loss of existing funding. This site is to be driven by its users and will grow to fit the need. Those interested in writing on Science Doubt are invited to review the “Outstanding Questions” and “News Articles” sections for topic ideas or to contact the editor about your own.

Are We Worth Our Salt?

Have you ever wondered what is behind some of the World's mysteries? Do you ponder Earth changes and natural climate swings? If so, this is a book for you. Addressed herein is a primary thought that when first published by another author "electrified" Albert Einstein.
Yet, a cause for the theory was not previously given. This book will show the process steps needed to bring it to culmination. A cause and effect approach will be brought into play to solve this dramatic puzzle. Our Civilization is on the line and it requires your assistance to save it. Are you up to the challenge?

Also available here:
ISBN 978-0-6152-1270-8
ID: 2469512

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Keywords: Earth geology, Continental Drift, Polar Shift, Earth's Crust, sea floor, plate tectonics, Pangaea, crust shift, extinction, impact, sea, strange, unknown, google earth