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What Unidentified Force is on the Moon?

by Arthur "Art" Ryan

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Sometimes questions go unasked. The subject of this article is one. It appears that no one has questioned the amount of energy required to leave the moon’s orbit. It has been calculated and successfully used; yet, the reason for the apparently large amount is not questioned.

It may be that NASA and other space exploration organizations are satisfied with knowing that it takes less energy to leave the moon than it does to leave the earth. This is important for determining how much fuel was required for the Apollo missions to return home. It also was instrumental in determining the shape of the craft used as a lander. The lower than earth delta-v, the term used to identify the energy requirement, also has implications for any future space exploration missions.

First of all, let’s get acquainted with the term “delta-v”. Wikipedia’s definition is located at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Delta-v . However, basically, it is the amount of energy used measured in velocity and has nothing to do with fuel or power plant requirements. The unit of measure is in kilometers per second. The amount to leave earth’s orbit is the tremendous figure of 11.2 km/sec. The moon’s requirement is a much less 2.38 km/sec. This is where questions should begin to arise.

The delta-v required to leave earth’s orbit is said to be influenced by gravity, atmospheric resistance, and the shape of the craft. Therefore, the same influences must also apply to the moon. These influential elements should be looked at.

Anyone who has seen the Apollo rockets and images of the lunar landers will immediately notice a difference in the shape of the crafts. The Apollo rockets are streamlined and smooth. They look like they could slip through most anything. Giant needles, if you will.

The lunar landers; however, look as aerodynamic as a brick. They have hard edges with all manner of protruding objects. Look at one on the ground and have someone tell you it flies. You would laugh in their face. This is addressed because it will be presented by many as a possible answer for the main question. Despite the doubts that exist.

Delta-v is used as the unit of measurement because it is a reference to velocity. The use of velocity allows for the differing sizes and shapes. Once the velocity has been achieved, it is possible to leave orbit, regardless of size or shape. If you get your pickup truck going fast enough it can go into outer space.

At this point, you need to look at the main influence on the amount of energy we need to leave orbit on either body. That influence is the force of gravity. Earth has a gravity six times that of the moon. Conversely, the moon’s gravity is only 1/6th the earth’s. It should, therefore, stand to reason that the amount of delta-v required to leave the moon’s orbit should not exceed 1/6th that needed to leave the earth’s.

This is not how the math works out. In fact, it is reported that 2.38 km/sec for the moon is actually 1.4.71th that of the earth. Simple logic states that if the earth’s delta-v is 11.2 km/sec, then the moon’s should be no more than 1.87 km/sec. There is a major difference in the amount of energy required and that which basic math says it should be. The difference could then be attributed to the shape of the vehicle. Right?

Not so fast!! Are we not told that the moon has no atmosphere? That a total vacuum exists on the surface of the moon? So, why would aerodynamics even be an issue?

Unless, ten pounds of clay molded into a bust of some famous person has a different weight that a ten pound block of clay, the ratio of gravity should be the main influencing factor on the amount of delta-v. Remember, as stated earlier, delta-v is a measurement of velocity. As such, we should be able to understand the possibility for our pickup trucks leaving earth orbit if the proper delta-v is achieved.

The shape of an object is not important until you consider the resistance caused by the atmosphere. All of the substances between the surface and the unseen border to outer space cause the resistance. Oxygen, nitrogen, water vapor, CO2, and a great number of other things act as a barrier by creating friction against our space craft. This is the majority factor in determining the amount of energy. These items add to the overall total delta-v that must be achieved.

With the lack of these elements and substances at the moon, it would stand to reason that the delta-v for the moon would be even less than 1/6th that of earth as calculated based on gravitational difference. Referring to the above delta-v figures for the moon, it is easy to see that simple logic does not follow. Why?

Unless the gravity of the moon is stronger than 1/6th that of the earth, there has to be a yet unidentified and unseen force on the moon. What this force is and how it is created is a good question to investigate. It is probably worth the time and effort.

Our understanding of this force could be our key to better deal with future space exploration; especially if we ever conduct a manned mission to Mars. It would be a crying shame to get there and be unable to get off due to a miscalculation of the proper delta-v.

One possible answer to the question is that there is no unidentified force. NASA may have just added a major fudge-factor to the delta-v to ensure that they did not underestimate. If this is what happened, it should be admitted. Guessing is o.k. if it is an educated guess that takes the unforeseen into account.

Copyright Arthur Ryan 2010
Presented with permission of the author

About the Author

Arthur “Art” Ryan is an independent researcher and author, who is a full-time employee supporting a major railroad and a small business owner of a process engineering consulting company, that enjoys all manner of things science. He is a baseball and football fan, who values his privacy and therefore writes under a pseudonym.

His book concerning Earth Changes is called “Are We Worth Our Salt?” which can be purchased through Lulu by visiting http://stores.lulu.com/arthurryan or Amazon and may be procured at you local Barnes and Noble store.

Art accepts constructive criticism about his ideas and welcomes evidence that support or dispute his thoughts. Questions and comments can be addressed to Art through his official website www.sciencedoubts.com

At his site, Art has opened a controlled, closed forum where intellectuals, professionals, academics, and aspiring amateurs can express their thoughts, findings, and alternate theories under pseudonyms; thereby avoiding possible damage to their careers or loss of existing funding. This site is to be driven by its users and will grow to fit the need. Those interested in writing on Science Doubt are invited to review the “Outstanding Questions” and “News Articles” sections for topic ideas or to contact the editor about your own.

Are We Worth Our Salt?

Have you ever wondered what is behind some of the World's mysteries? Do you ponder Earth changes and natural climate swings? If so, this is a book for you. Addressed herein is a primary thought that when first published by another author "electrified" Albert Einstein.
Yet, a cause for the theory was not previously given. This book will show the process steps needed to bring it to culmination. A cause and effect approach will be brought into play to solve this dramatic puzzle. Our Civilization is on the line and it requires your assistance to save it. Are you up to the challenge?

Also available here:
ISBN 978-0-6152-1270-8
ID: 2469512

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Keywords: Unidentified Force is on the Moon
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